Pan Liangwen Lv Rong
Shanghai Entry-Exit Inspection & Quarantine Bureau, 200125, Shanghai
The law and rules to manage the imported and domestic feedstuff in China are introduced. The pertinent methods for animal materials detection in China are GB/T 20190-2006, GB/T 21101-2007, and SN/T 1119-2002. The sample numbers with positive detection results in CIQ Shanghai between 2005 and 2008 were listed, and some typical examples were given.
Feedstuffs safety is an issue of great concern all over of the world. Many countries have undertaken measures to ensure the safety of feedstuff because of the threat of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and scrapie.
1.Law and Rules in China
The import of feedstuff in China is regulated by Law on the Animal and Plant Entry and Exit Quarantine; the importer must obtain the Permit for the Quarantine of Entry Animals and Plants from the Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ).
The AQSIQ stipulates that the feedstuff imported from the listed countries where BSE or scrapie have been reported must not contain bovine- or ovine-derived products. Further, bovine meat and bone meal (MBM) must not be detected in whey powder.
The AQSIQ drafted a rule stating in details the requirements regarding the inspection, quarantine, and supervision of entry and exit feedstuff and feedstuff additives in 2008. Hopefully, the rule will be implemented in 2009. It is required that the imported feedstuff and feedstuff additives should be inspected according to the stipulations regarding the acquisition of the Permit.
For the domestic production and management of feedstuff, the Ministry of Agriculture of the People’s Republic of China published the Measures for the Administration of the Safety and Health of the Feed Products from Animal Sources in October, 2004. The rules stipulated that the feed products from animal sources are forbidden to be used in ruminant feedstuffs, except for the milk and milk-derived products.
Certain National Standards (GB/T) and Inspection and Quarantine standards (SN/T) have been established in China for the detection of animal products. The pertinent methods are GB/T 20190-2006, GB/T 21101-2007, and SN/T 1119-2002.
3.Positive Detection Results Samples from CIQ Shanghai
Table 1 Positive Detection Results Samples from CIQ Shanghai
4.Some Typical Examples
4.1 Ovine materials were detected in bovine MBM imported from USA in 2002.
4.2 Bovine meat smuggled from Japan were identified in 2007
4.3 Bovine materials were detected in porcine cartilage imported from USA in